Oxidation of Benzoins to Benzils using Bismuth(III) Nitrate-Copper(II) Acetate

Ram S. Mohan, Steven A. Tymonko, Bryce A. Nattier

Research output: Journal ArticleArticlepeer-review


Benzoins are oxidized to benzils in excellent yields by 0.4 equivalents of Bi(NO3)3.5H20 and 4 mol% of Cu(OAc)23)3.5H20 is a stable, inexpensive, commercially available solid. The relatively low cost and low toxicity of bismuth(Ill) nitrate makes this procedure a particularly attractive method for oxidation of benzoins.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalTetrahedron Letters
StatePublished - 1999


  • Bismuth
  • bismuth compounds
  • oxidation
  • copper
  • copper compounds.


  • Organic Chemistry

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